Smolensk Region

Senators by region

Irina Kozhanova Irina Kozhanova
Member of the Federation Council Committee on Science, Education and Culture
Nina Kulikovskih Nina Kulikovskih
Member of the Federation Council Committee on the Rules of Procedure and Parliamentary Governance

Information

Regional flags and emblems

Smolensk Region Smolensk Region

PROFILE

Established 27 September 1937

Capital Smolensk

The Smolensk Region is part of the Central Federal District

Area 49,800 sq km

Population 908,700 (2022)

Ethnic groups

(2010 national census, %)

Russian – 94.66

Ukrainian – 1.29

Belarusian – 1.27

Other – 2.78

Administrative divisions (2022)

Municipal districts – 25

City districts – 2

Rural towns – 23

Rural districts – 133

Geography and climate

The Smolensk Region is located in the central East European Plain, which includes the Smolensk and Vyazma uplands (up to 319 m altitude).
The region borders on the Pskov, Tver, Moscow, Kaluga, and Bryansk regions; it shares a state border with the Republic of Belarus.

The region has 1,149 rivers, 160 lakes, four reservoirs (Desnogorskoye, Sashnovskoe and Vazuzsko-Yauzskoye), glacial-origin lakes like Kasplya, Svaditskoye, Velisto, and others . The major rivers are the Dnieper and its tributaries: the Sozh, Desna, Vop and Vyazma.

The climate in the region is temperate continental. January temperatures average –3.3°C, July temperatures average 17.2°C.

The region is home to the Smolenskoye Poozerye National Park, the Khmelita State Historical and Cultural Nature Reserve and Museum, Gagarinsky Nature Park and eight regional nature reserves.

Government

The legislative branch is represented by the Smolensk Region Duma, which is the permanent, supreme and only body of legislative authority in the region.

The Smolensk Region Duma has 48 deputies, with 24 of them running in single-mandate constituencies and the other 24 in the single electoral district, where winners are identified in proportion to the number of votes cast for lists of candidates nominated by electoral associations.

The current Smolensk Region Duma was elected in September 2018. Its term expires in September 2023.

The executive branch is the Administration of the Smolensk Region headed by the Governor and other executive authorities.

The Governor of the Smolensk Region is the region’s highest-ranking official elected for five years by Russian citizens who permanently reside in the region.

The term of office of the current incumbent expires in September 2025.

The Administration of the Smolensk Region is the region’s top permanent executive authority.

Economy and natural resources

The main sector of the region’s economy is manufacturing, accounting for over 30% of the regional GDP, with about 2,000 industrial facilities.

The major industries are: nuclear and thermal power engineering, jewellery production, machine building and instrument making, wood processing, chemical, textile and food industries, as well as consumer goods and construction materials production.

There are major food, wood processing, and pulp and paper production facilities, which account for over 70% of the total industrial production in the region.
The region is rich in low-energy brown coals, peat, sapropel, phosphorites, calcareous tuff, sand and gravel, building and glass sands, fireproof clays, cement raw materials, building carbonates, ceramic raw materials, expanded clay, and rock salt.

Agriculture accounts for about 6% of the regional GDP. Agriculture is mainly focused on the development of dairy and beef cattle breeding, meat and dairy processing, small business support, flax production, seed farming and potato growing. Livestock breeding is the backbone of agriculture economy and accounts for about 80% of goods on the market. Dairy cattle breeding is the most developed. Implementing large-scale investment projects in the sphere of livestock breeding is the region’s key priority.

Culture and tourism

The Smolensk Region is rich in historical and architectural monuments, including famous churches, cathedrals and monasteries. The most famous of these are the 17th century Assumption Cathedral, the 12th century Church of Archangel Michael, and the early 13th century Abraham Monastery of the Transfiguration of Our Savior. Smolensk alone has about 30 monuments and memorials, including the Scorched Flower, erected to honour the children who perished in Nazi concentration camps.

The Gnezdovo Historical, Archaeological and Nature Reserve, located 12 km from Smolensk is home to famous burial mounds and settlements dating back to Old Rus.

The regional attractions also include: the Smolensk fortress wall, built in the late 16th century; the Talashkino Historical and Artistic Reserve, the Memorial to the 1812 Smolensk Defenders, the monument to Mikhail Kutuzov, the Khmelita Historical, Cultural and Nature Reserve, based at the prominent Russian writer Alexander Griboyedov’s museum-estate, and Mikhail Glinka’s Novospasskoye museum-estate.

The region is also home to the Smolenskoye Poozerye National Park, which includes 35 exceptionally beautiful lakes of glacial origin. The national park was created to preserve nature and study the local flora and fauna. Many of the plants growing in the park are included in the Red Data Book.

Tourism in the region is an important sector of the economy. Close to 20,000 tourists annually visit the Smolensk Region. Some of the major events in the region are: the annual Solovyova Pereprava tourist festival, the Lubino military-historical festival, the Golden Phoenix film festival, the Glinka national music festival and the Potyomkinskiye Zabavy youth tourist festival.