Samara Region

Senators by region

Andrey Kislov Andrey Kislov
Member of the Federation Council Committee on Agriculture and Food Policy and Environmental Management
Farit Mukhametshin Farit Mukhametshin
Deputy Chair of the Federation Council Committee on Foreign Affairs

Information

Regional flags and emblems

Samara Region Samara Region

PROFILE

Established 14 May 1928

Capital Samara

The Samara Region is part of the Volga Federal District

Area 53,600 sq km

Population 3,129,400 (2022)

Ethnic groups

(2010 National Census, %)

Russian – 85.55

Tatar – 4.08

Chuvash – 2.72

Mordvin – 2.12

Ukrainian – 1.36

Other – 4.17

Administrative divisions (2022)

Municipal districts – 27

City districts – 10

Rural towns – 12

Rural districts – 284

Inner — city districts – 9

Geography and climate

The Samara Region is located in southwestern part of the East European Plain on the Volga River.

It borders on the Republic of Tatarstan, and the Orenburg, Saratov and Ulyanovsk regions. It also has a state border with Kazakhstan.

The main river is the Volga River with its tributaries: Samara, Bolshoi Irgiz, Sok, Chapayevka, Bezenchuk, Bolshoi Cheremshan and Syzran. In the region, one can also find the Kuibyshev and Saratov water reservoirs.

The climate is continental and arid. The coldest month is January with an average temperature of −11.2°С, the warmest is July at an average of 20.2°С.

The region is home to the Sprygin Zhiguli State Nature Reserve, Buzuluksky Bor and Samarskaya Luka National parks.

Government

The legislative branch is the Samara Regional Duma, which is the unicameral, permanent, supreme and only body of legislative authority in the region.

The Samara Regional Duma has 50 deputies elected for five years, with 25 of them running in single-mandate constituencies and the other 25 in the single electoral district, where winners are identified in proportion to the number of votes cast for lists of candidates nominated by electoral associations.

The current Samara Regional Duma was elected in September 2021. Its term expires in September 2026.

The executive branch is the Governor of the Samara Region, the Government of the Samara Region, the region’s ministries and other executive authorities.

The Governor of the Samara Region is the region’s highest-ranking official, which heads the Government of the Samara Region. The Governor is elected for five years by Russian citizens who permanently reside in the region. The term of office of the current incumbent expires in September 2023.

The Government of the Samara Region is the top permanent executive authority, which is headed by the Governor of the Samara Region.

Economy and natural resources

The fuels and minerals base in the Samara Region primarily revolves around oil. The region has reserves of hydrocarbon, mineral, construction, mining-engineering and mining-chemical raw materials, and a substantial amount of estimated mineral resources for construction purposes.

The Samara Region is one of Russia’s most economically developed areas. The manufacturing industry accounts for over 40% of the regional GDP. The industrial complex includes mining and processing industries plus the power industry. Development of the region’s economy is based on high-tech industries, such as auto assembly, aviation and space, chemical, and metal industries. Mineral extraction accounts for about 20% of industrial production, with about 99% of that being fuel and energy mineral resources.

The region has developed high-tech automotive, aerospace and petrochemical industries.

The automotive industry, is one of the region’s backbone industries, the main company is the AvtoVAZ.

The region’s aerospace industries develop and manufacture spacecraft, aircraft and rocket engines, component parts for aircraft, and carry out service and repair of aircraft and power systems. The list of these companies includes the Progress Rocket Space Centre, Kuznetsov, Aviacor aviation plant, Aviagregat, Agregat, Gidroavtomatika, and ”Ekran“ Scientific Research Institute.

Petrochemical industries, which include oil production, oil refining and chemical production, account for over one third of the region’s economic potential. The list of major industries includes Samaraneftegaz, Kuibyshev Refinery, Novokuibyshevsk Refinery, Syzran Refinery, Novokuibyshevsk Oils and Additives Plant and KuibyshevAzot.

The region’s agro-industrial complex is a multi-sectoral production and processing system, which accounts for over 4% of the regional GDP.

The region’s agriculture includes mostly grains, vegetable oil and fodder crops, potatoes, vegetables, fruit and berries. Livestock farming includes beef and dairy cattle breeding, pig breeding, sheep breeding and poultry farming.

The crop sector has the potential to fully provide the entire region with grains, vegetables, fruit and berries, with a surplus for other parts of the country.

Due to its favourable economic and geographic location, the Samara Region is one of the most important transport hubs in Russia. The region has the largest transport system in the Volga Federal District. This system is the centre of international north-south and west-east transport corridors, which provides the region with transport links of federal and regional significance in every direction.

Culture and tourism

The Samara Region has many long established cultural traditions. It is associated with Sergei Aksakov, Alexander Ostrovsky, Nikolai Garin-Mikhailovsky, Leo Tolstoy, Ilya Repin, Maxim Gorky, Alexei Tolstoy and Eduard Uspensky. During the Great Patriotic War, the Bolshoi Theatre and the Leningrad Drama Theatre were evacuated to Samara (then Kuibyshev). The Kuibyshev Opera and Ballet Theatre was the first theatre to play the Seventh Symphony by Dmitry Shostakovich. Kuibyshev Academic Theatre plays, directed by Pyotr Monastyrsky, were events of great significance in the theatre life of the 1960s−1980s USSR.

The Samara Region includes about 1,200 landmarks on the Russian cultural heritage register. The list of historical sites includes three cities: Samara, Syzran and Togliatti.

The Samara Alabin Museum for Historical and Regional Studies, which was established in 1886, has several branches in the region. The Samara Art Museum is one of the largest in Russia.

The region offers a great number of tours, such as cruises on the Volga, and environmental, rural, ethnographic, caving, cycling, horseback-riding and health tours. The Samarskaya Luka National Park offers eco-ethnic tours in the rural area of Shiryayevo and on the banks of Usinsky Bay (Bogatyrskaya Sloboda).

Every year, the Samara Region hosts the All-Russian Grushinsky Festival of bard songs, the World of Bards festival, the largest Russian rock festival called Rock over the Volga, the Steppe Races in the Samara Estate of Leo Tolstoy, the Drums of the World and Teatralny Krug festivals, the Anatoliya festival of ethnic and belly dances and the Alla Shelest Classical Ballet Festival.

The region is also known for hosting the Volga Quest international dog sled race, the off-road safari from the village of Shiryayevo to the highest point in the Zhiguli Mountains, rally raid and SUV trial races on Samarskaya Luka, plus the 300 km long Togliatti Bicycle Tour, which has been held since 2002.

The Samara Region has several dozen health resorts and prevention centers offering treatment for various illnesses. The list of resorts includes the Volga Cliff Resort on the shore of the Zhigulyovskoye Sea, and the Sergievsky Mineral Waters, Samarsky and Chkalova resorts.