Primorye Territory

Senators by region

Lyudmila Talabayeva Lyudmila Talabayeva
Member of the Federation Council Committee on Agriculture and Food Policy and Environmental Management
Svetlana Goryacheva Svetlana Goryacheva
First Deputy Chair of the Federation Council Committee on the Rules of Procedure and Parliamentary Governance

Information

Regional flags and emblems

Primorye Territory Primorye Territory

PROFILE

Established 20 October 1938

Capital Vladivostok

The Primorye Territory is part of the Far Eastern Federal District

Area 164,700 sq km

Population 1,903,000 (2019)

 

Ethnic groups

(2010 National Census, %)

Russian – 92.52

Ukrainian – 2.76

Korean – 1.04

Other – 3.68

 

Administrative divisions (2019)

Municipal districts – 22

Municipalities – 12

Rural towns – 23

Rural districts – 101

 

Geography and climate

The Primorye Territory is located in the south of the Russian Far East, on the coast of the Sea of Japan. The territory includes the Russky, Slavyansky, Reyneke, Putyatina and Askold islands. The Sikhote-Alin mountain range (1,855 m high) is the main dividing line in the Primorye Territory. In the east, its slopes are steep, and rivers run into the Sea of Japan. In the west, the rivers run into the Ussuri River. The second dividing range is the Manchurian Mountains. Down their slopes, rivers flow into the Peter the Great Gulf. The Ussuriiskaya and Prikhankaiskaya plains are located in the southwest.

The Primorye Territory borders on the Khabarovsk Territory. It also shares a state border with China and North Korea.

There are over 6,000 rivers with a length of over 10 km in the Primorye Territory. The main river is the Ussuri. The largest water reservoirs are the Artyomovskoye, Primorskoye and Dachinskoye. A large part of Lake Khanka is located in the territory.

The region has a monsoon climate with rain-fed streams, influenced by the uneven distribution of rainfall. Flooding often occurs in the warm season, and in the winter, the stream runoff is unbalanced.

January temperatures average −15.9°C. July temperature average 20.6°C. Average precipitation in January is 7 mm; average precipitation in July is 137 mm.

The territory has six state nature reserves: the Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve, the Kaplanov Lazovsky Nature Reserve, the Komarov Ussuri Nature Reserve, the Khankaisky Nature Reserve, the Far Eastern Marine Biosphere Reserve and the Kedrovaya Pad Nature Reserve, 11 state nature sanctuaries of regional status, five national parks and a nature park.

Government

The legislative branch represented by the Legislative Assembly of the Primorye Territory, which is the permanent, supreme and only body of legislative authority in the region.

The Legislative Assembly of the Primorye Territory has 40 deputies elected for five years, with 20 deputies running in single-mandate constituencies and the other 20 elected in the single electoral district under the proportional representation system.

The current Assembly was elected in September 2016. Its term expires in September 2021.

The executive branch is the Administration headed by the Governor Assembly of the Primorye Territory, and other bodies of the executive authority formed by the Administration.

The Governor of the Primorye Territory is the region’s highest-ranking official elected for five years. The term of office of the current incumbent expires in December 2018.

Economy and natural resources

The main industries in the Primorye Territory are electricity production, machine-building, metal processing, as well as the fish and food industries, forestry and wood-processing industry. Industrial production accounts for about 15% of the regional GDP.

Processing industries include the ferrous and non-ferrous metals industry, engineering and metal working, construction materials production, the wood and timber industries, fuels, consumer goods production and the food industry. The largest production facilities are the Vladivostok Shipyard, Dalzavod, Dalpribor, Askold, Zvezda Far Eastern Plant, MAZDA SOLLERS Manufacturing Rus, Varyag, Spassktsement, and Sazykin Arsenyev Aviation Company Progress.

Minerals are extracted from developed deposits of coal, fluorspar, boron, wolframite, germanite ore, gold, copper and molybdenum. The largest extraction companies are Primosrkugol, Bor, Dalpolimetall Mining Complex, Yaroskavsky Mining and Processing Plant, and Lermontovskaya Mining Company.

The Primorye Territory’s electricity, gas and water are produced and distributed by thermal power stations and combined heat and power stations. The Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas transportation network is in full operation. The largest energy facilities are DVUEK (affiliate of Eastern Energy Systems), Gapzrom LNG Vladivostok and Transneft-Kozmino Port.

Fishery facilities in the Primorye Territory provide 17% of Russia’s aquatic biological resources. The largest companies are Dalmoreprodukt Holding, Pacific Directorate of Exploratory Fishing and Research Fleet, Vostok-1 fishing collective farm, and Dalryba.

Agriculture accounts for over 5% of the regional GDP. The climate conditions are favourable for growing grain and forage crops, potatoes and vegetables. Dairy and beef cattle and pig breeding and poultry farming are well developed. The region’s agricultural sector includes over 200 companies and over 900 farms. The largest facilities are Green Agro, Mercy Trade, and Zolotaya Dolina.

Culture and tourism

The Primorye Territory has numerous historical landmarks. Primorye’s cultural life is connected with the historical past of the region. The Russian colonisation of Primorye began in the mid-19th century. Russian towns and villages appeared on the coast of the Peter the Great Gulf, near the Sikhote-Alin Mountains, the Ussuri and Razdolnaya rivers, and in the Prikhankaiskaya Valley. Primorye is home to over 2,000 of the many historical and cultural landmarks of Russian civilisation. Monuments, buildings, vessels, memorial plaques, city streets and parks are named after famous Russians. The most famous historical landmark is the Vladivostok Fortress, which is a unique rampart. The Arsenyev Primorye Museum attracts numerous tourists. The territory has several theatres; the largest ones are the Primorye Theatre of Opera and Ballet and the Gorky Academic Regional Drama Theatre.

Those interested in ancient history will be fascinated by the Shaiginskoye settlement, a unique monument of the Jurchen people who inhabited the Primorye Territory in the Middle Ages. It was a large city with many ramparts, residential buildings and factories. Another Jurchen settlement is the Ananyevskoye settlement.

The Kraskino settlement is a monument of another ancient civilisation, the Tungus state of Bohai. There are remnants of temples, houses, workshops, stoves, wells and everyday life artefacts. This area is home to the largest number of plants listed in the Russian Red Data Book.

The Primorye Territory offers sports and environmental tourism, diving, surfing, sky jumping, paragliding, alpine skiing, spelunking, hunting and fishing.