Chechen Republic

Senators by region

Suleiman Geremeyev Suleiman Geremeyev
Member of the Federation Council Committee on the Rules of Procedure and Parliamentary Governance
Ziyad Sabsabi Ziyad Sabsabi
Deputy Chair of the Federation Council Committee on Foreign Affairs

Information

Regional flags and emblems

Chechen Republic Chechen Republic

PROFILE

Established 10 December 1992

Capital Grozny

The Chechen Republic is part of the North Caucasus Federal District

Area 15,600 sq km

Population 1,436,900 (2018)


Ethnic groups

(2010 National Census, %)

Chechen – 95.27

Russian – 1.93

Other – 2.8

 

Administrative divisions (2018)

Municipal districts – 15

Municipalities – 2

Rural towns – 3

Rural districts – 218

 

Geography and climate

The Chechen Republic is located in the central part of the northern slope of the Greater Caucasus Range and in the adjoining Chechen Plain and Terek-Kuma Lowland.

The republic borders on the republics of Dagestan and Ingushetia and the Stavropol Territory, as well as the Republic of Georgia.

The terrain is divided into four zones: alpine, mountains, foothills and plains. The area has high seismic intensity (earthquakes up to 9.0 magnitude).

The region has a continental climate, with mild winters and hot summers. January is the coldest month (the average temperature is between –3°С and –6°С in the mountains) and July is the hottest (the average temperature is +25°С). The climate in the mountain area has therapeutic benefits and allows for the development of balneotherapy.

The region has specially protected areas: the Shatoi State Nature Sanctuary, the Argun History and Architecture Museum-Reserve, and eight biological sanctuaries.

 

Government

The legislative branch is represented by the Parliament of the Chechen Republic, which is the permanent, supreme and only body of legislative authority in the region.

The Parliament has 41 deputies elected in the single electoral district under the proportional representation system.

The current Parliament of the Chechen Republic was elected in September 2016. Its term expires in September 2021.

The executive branch is the Government of the Chechen Republic; there are also some other executive authorities.

The Head of the Chechen Republic is the republic’s highest-ranking official who heads the Government and is elected for five years. The term of the current incumbent expires in October 2021.

The Government of the Chechen Republic is the top permanent executive authority in the republic.

 

Economy and natural resources

The Chechen Republic is implementing a number of federal and regional programmes on economic and social development.

The biggest shares in the regional GDP belong to government management (over 15%), wholesale and retail trade (over 15%) and construction (over 20%). The share of the industry and agriculture is no more than 7%.

Industry is focused on raw material extraction and electricity, gas and water production and distribution as well as processing.

Raw materials (about 2% of the regional GDP) are extracted at the explored gas and oil fields (Grozneftegaz company). There are also deposits of raw materials for the construction industry and mineral water. This is the only profitable industry, but it also tends to reduce production due to the fact that the existing fields are being depleted and no new ones are explored. Geological exploration is another important area of economic development.

The manufacturing sector (about 3% of the regional GDP) includes oil products, non-metallic mineral products, machine building and the food industry (Medinstument Gudermes Plant, Transmash Plant, Orgtekhnika Plant, Experiemental Plant, Pishchemash Plant and Grozny Electromechanical Plant).

The Baku-Novorossiysk federal pipeline crosses the republic. The petrochemical complex is the base of the region’s economy, and its modernisation will accelerate its socioeconomic development.

Electricity, gas and water production and distribution (no more than 2% of the regional GDP) is based on the energy complex represented by thermal and combined heat and thermal power stations. Pipelines provide access to gas supply networks in the South Caucasus and the Republic of Dagestan (Gazprom Mezhregiongaz Grozny).

Nurenergo North Caucasus Interregional Distribution Network Company is the electricity distributor in the republic. Building new power stations is essential for the development of the manufacturing industry. Work is underway to build a cascade of hydroelectric power stations on the Argun River as well as combined heat and power stations in the cities of Agrun and Grozny. About 90% households in the region have access to the gas supply system.

In agriculture, livestock farming is more prominent than plant growing. Beef and dairy production, sheep breeding, and the production of grain, legumes and sunflower are traditional agirucultural areas. There are favourable conditions for growing vegetables and fruit as well as fish farming (Republican Specialised Fishery Company).

The main crops cultivated in the republic are fruit, vegetables, cereals and legumes; the main livestock areas are meat and dairy production as well as sheep breeding (Naur Agricultural Farm and Chechenagroholding) and poultry farming (Staroyurtovskaya and Urus-Martan poultry factories and Naur Incubator-Poultry Station).

The administration of the Chechen Republic supported by the federal centre has successfully transitioned from the restoration phase to sustainable socioeconomic development within a short time. Investment project portfolio has been created for industry, energy, construction, transport, communications, the agro-industrial sector, as well as for recreation and tourism (building of an oil-processing plant, the Grozny Combined Heat and Power Station, Akhmat Tower multi-purpose high-rise building, and the Veduchi all-season alpine resort).

 

Culture and tourism

Today’s culture of the Chechen Republic is represented best in its capital, the city of Grozny. The capital has Lermontov State Russian Drama Theatre, Nuradilov Chechen State Drama Theatre and Shakhbulatov Chechen State Philharmonic Hall and Chechen Republic National Museum. National dance companies, such as Vainakh State Dance Company and Daimokhk Children’s State Danse and Song Company, are widely known outside the region.

Akhmat Khadzha Kadyrov Heart of Chechnya Cathedral Mosque is the capital’s main landmark, which is part of a remarkable complex and is considered the largest mosque in Russia and Europe.

The Chechen Republic has all the necessary resources for various types of tourism, including educational, sports, recreation, historical, cultural and mixed tourism.

Picturesque landscapes, fresh mountain air and mountain lakes as well as numerous historical, cultural and architectural landmarks and the opportunity to gain an insight into the Caucasus culture make Chechnya an attractive and fascinating destination and create all the conditions for tourism and recreation development.

Tourist itineraries include the republic’s nature reserves and sanctuaries (Argun State Architectural and Natural Museum-Reserve, Vedeno and Shali hunting sanctuaries).

Another special sight located in the mountainous part of the republic is stone towers rising above mountain villages’ terraces. They are considered the most significant architectural masterpiece of the Chechen Republic and have become something like stone chronicles for researchers. Over 300 temples and 100 mosques, many of which are architectural gems, belong to the region’s religious institutions.

Alpine tourism development should give a powerful impetus to investment and business activities of the people living in Chechnya’s mountain areas. In total, the establishment of a mountain tourism cluster will become an additional factor for the development of small and medium business in the region.

Mineral springs play an important role in the republic’s tourism development. They are unique in their composition, combining hydrogen sulfide, radon and radium emanation. The chemical composition of the Yaryshmardon springs is similar to the world-renowned Matsesta mineral waters. The Sernovodsk, Goryachevodsk, Braguny and Isti-Suisk thermal springs are especially valuable for balneotherapy.