Belgorod Region

Senators by region

Ivan Kulabukhov Ivan Kulabukhov
member of the Federation Council Committee on Agriculture and Food Policy and Environmental Management
Nikolai Ryzhkov Nikolai Ryzhkov
Member of the Federation Council Committee on Federal Structure, Regional Policy, Local Government and Northern Affairs

Information

Regional flags and emblems

Belgorod Region Belgorod Region

PROFILE

Established 6 January 1954

Capital Belgorod

The Belgorod Region is part of the Central Federal District

Area 27,100 sq km

Population 1,547,400 (2019)

Ethnic groups

(2010 national census, %)

Russian – 94.37

Ukrainian – 2.82

Other – 2.81

 

Administrative divisions (2019)

Municipal districts – 19

Municipalities – 3

Rural towns – 25

Rural districts – 265

Geography and climate

The Belgorod Region is part of the Central Black Earth Economic Region. It borders on the Kursk and Voronezh regions, and shares a state border with Ukraine.

The Belgorod Region is situated in the centre of the European part of Russia, on the southern and southeastern slopes of the Central Russian Upland. The region is crisscrossed with rivers. The largest rivers are the Psyol, Seversky Donets, Vorskla, Oskol, Tikhaya Sosna and Valui. There are about 1,100 ponds and four water reservoirs in the region.

The region has a moderate continental climate with hot summers and relatively cold winters. The average annual air temperature is 5.8°C in the northeast to 7°C in the southeast. The average January temperature (which is the coldest month) varies between –8°C and −9°C. The summer is mostly warm. The average July temperature (the warmest month) is between 19.5 and 21°C.

The region has two protected natural areas: Prokhorovskoye Polye Museum Reserve and Belogorye State Natural Reserve.

 Government

The legislative branch in the Belgorod Region is represented by the Belgorod Region Duma, which is the region’s legislative (representative) authority.

The Belgorod Region Duma has 50 deputies elected for five years, with 25 running in single-mandate constituencies and the other 25 in the single electoral district, where winners are elected in proportion with the share of votes cast for lists of deputies nominated by electoral associations.

The current Duma was elected in September 2015. Its term expires in September 2020.

The executive branch is the Government of the Belgorod Region headed by the Governor: there are also some other executive authorities.

The Governor of the Belgorod Region is the region’s highest-ranking official, elected for five years. The term of office of the current incumbent expires in September 2022.

The Government of the Belgorod Region is the top permanent executive authority and a collective body heading the system of state authorities in the region.

Economy and natural resources

The Belgorod Region is one of Russia’s successfully developing industrial and agricultural regions. Independent experts estimate that it has ranked among the top 10 Russian regions with the lowest investment risks for 15 years.

Manufacturing, agriculture, wholesale and retail trade, construction, transport and communications are the leading sectors, accounting for over 85% of the gross regional product.

The Belgorod Region is one of Russia’s industrial centre with a high share of the country’s mining industry: mining companies produce one-third of national iron ore concentrate and iron ore pellets. The largest Russian mining companies (Lebedinsky Mining and Processing Plant and Stoilensky Mining and Processing Plant) are located near the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly section in the region. The region has iron ore, bauxite, apatite, chalk, sand, clay and multi-purpose clay loam deposits. It also produces ferrous metals, asbestos-cement boards and cement. Brick and cement plants are situated in the areas rich in chalk and clay. The chemical industry is also well-developed.

Agriculture has historically been one of the most important economy sectors in the region because of its climate. Livestock farming is a priority. Starting in 2010, the Belgorod Region has been producing more than one million tonnes of meat per year. Forage and industrial crops as well as cereals and sugar beet are agricultural mainstays. The region produces combined feeds, oils, beet sugar, margarine and condensed milk.

The Belgorod Region is a leading livestock producer in Russia.

Culture and tourism

The famous Battle of Prokhorovka took place in the Belgorod Region during the Great Patriotic War, and marked a turning point in the fight against Nazi Germany. The Victory Monument, a bell tower, was constructed on Prokhorovskoye Field to commemorate the battle, and St Peter and St Paul’s church was built in the village with private donations.

Russia’s largest diorama museum, Ognennaya Duga (Fire Arc), was established to commemorate the battle.

The region is also home to the Museum of People’s Culture, the State Art Museum (with almost 3,700 exhibits: paintings, graphics, sculpture, wood and icons), the State Local History Museum founded in 1924 and the Literature Museum in Belgorod. There also are historic buildings such as the house of Trader Selivanov (18th century), the house of Trader Goltsov (19th century) and the former European Hotel.

St Nicholas’ Cathedral of the Assumption, built in 1703, is the oldest church in Belgorod. The city’s most famous and largest landmark, the Monument to Prince Vladimir, is located on Kharkovskaya Gora.

The Trinity Kholka Monastery, located 15 km away from Stary Oskol, is one of the main sights in the region. The monastery was founded in the 17th century. Monks’ cells and the underground church were carved into a chalk montain. There is also a more modern church complex above the ground.

There is the Shebekino Historical and Art Museum located in the city of Shebekino, with an exhibition partly dedicated to the history of the Nezhegolsk City Fortress that later became Shebekino.

There are also several preserved landmarks in the small town of Birych: the Church of the Mantle of Our Lady, Mitrophan’s Church and the Church of Theotokos as well as the old marketplace (18th century) and the old zemstvo building (local administration). Several fragments of Belgorod’s Great Abatis Line (Zasechnaya Cherta) also remain in the region (17th century).